2016年度 第2回 公開講演会 概要

The Body in Consumer Culture Revisited
Mike Featherstone

‘The Body in Consumer Culture’ (1982), an early paper in what has become known as the sociology of the body, focuses on the proliferation of images of youth, fitness and beauty alongside a more general ‘if you look good you feel good’ philosophy. Within consumer culture the benefits of active body maintenance, slimming and fitness regimes are presented as keys to an overall life transformation. A further paper on the topic ‘Body, Image and Affect in Consumer Culture’ (2010) sought to go beyond the rationalistic assumptions found in some of the media life transformation publicity in television programmes such as ‘Extreme Makeover’ and ‘Look Ten Years Younger,’ which assumes people are preoccupied with reconstructing their body image. Rather, the focus should also be on ‘the body without image,’ the body in motion, the affective body which operates in everyday life. Current research involves a return to questions of the ageing body and the mask of ageing, to examine changing perceptions of beauty and the senses, as people face the exigencies of diminishing resources in later life.

マイク・フェザーストーン ロンドン大学ゴールドスミス社会学部教授

Tomoko Tamari
Goldsmiths, University of London

Body Image and Prosthetic Aesthetics

The success of the Paralympic London 2012 not only revealed new public possibilities for the disabled, but also thrust the debates on the relationship between elite Paralympians and advanced prosthetic technology into the spotlight. One of the Paralympic stars, Oscar Pistorius, in particular became celebrated as ‘the Paralympian cyborg’. Also prominent has been Aimee Mullins, a former Palalympian, who become a globally successful fashion model by seeking to establish a new bodily aesthetic utilizing non-organic body parts. This paper explores how the modern discourse of prosthesis has shifted from the made-up and camouflaged body to the empowered and exhibited body to create a new cultural sensitivity – prosthetic aesthetics. Prosthetic aesthetics oscillates between two polarized sensitivities: attractiveness/’coolness’, which derive from the image of a perfect human-machine synthetic body, and abjection/uncanny/disgust which is evoked by the actual materiality of the lived body incorporating a lifeless human-made body part.

Key words: body image, prosthesis, disability, Paralympics, perception, psychoanalysis, phenomenology